Titanium - The Metal That Made The SR-71 Possible

20. juni. 2020
1 903 245 Ganger

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Credits:
Writer/Narrator: Brian McManus
Editor: Dylan Hennessy (www.behance.net/dylanhennessy1)
Animator: Mike Ridolfi (www.moboxgraphics.com/)
Sound: Graham Haerther (haerther.net/)
Thumbnail: Simon Buckmaster twitter.com/forgottentowel


References:
[1] grantadesign.com/education/students/charts/
[2]
www.metalary.com/titanium-price/#:~:text=As%20of%20January%202016%2C%20the,2005%20was%20%2421%2C000%20per%20ton.
[3] kyocera-sgstool.co.uk/titanium-resources/titanium-information-everything-you-need-to-know/titanium-ores/#:~:text=Titanium%20can%20be%20mined%20from,as%20they%20reach%20the%20sea.
[4] www.essentialchemicalindustry.org/metals/titanium.html#:~:text=The%20titanium%20is%20purified%20by,titanium%20ore%20into%20useful%20products.
[5] www-eng.lbl.gov/~shuman/NEXT/MATERIALS&COMPONENTS/Pressure_vessels/Ti_forming_ASM.pdf
[6] link.springer.com/article/10.1361/105994905X75448
[7] www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90B00170R000100050008-1.pdf
[8] Page 77 www.springer.com/gp/book/9783540713975
[9] www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90B00170R000100050008-1.pdf
[10] grantadesign.com/education/students/charts/
[11] Page 11 ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20090007797.pdf
[12] inversesolutionsinc.com/why-is-machining-titanium-difficult/#:~:text=WHY%20TITANIUM%20IS%20SO%20DIFFICULT%20TO%20MACHINE&text=This%20can%20create%20poor%20surface,the%20tool%20and%20impede%20function.
[13] www.cia.gov/library/readingroom/docs/CIA-RDP90B00170R000100080001-5.pdf
[14] www.kobelco.co.jp/english/titan/files/details.pdf
[15] ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20090007797.pdf
[16] link.springer.com/article/10.1361%2F105994905X75448

Thank you to AP Archive for access to their archival footage.

Music by Epidemic Sound: epidemicsound.com/creator

Songs:


Thank you to my patreon supporters: Adam Flohr, Henning Basma, Hank Green, William Leu, Tristan Edwards, Ian Dundore, John & Becki Johnston. Nevin Spoljaric, Jason Clark, Thomas Barth, Johnny MacDonald, Stephen Foland, Alfred Holzheu, Abdulrahman Abdulaziz Binghaith, Brent Higgins, Dexter Appleberry, Alex Pavek, Marko Hirsch, Mikkel Johansen, Hibiyi Mori. Viktor Józsa, Ron Hochsprung

Kommentarer
  • man ngl tsar bomb are easy t build i already have 10

    VulpeStuffVulpeStuff12 timer siden
  • my material science prof sent me here

    Sourabh HanjeSourabh Hanje3 dager siden
  • Мне нравится как подаётся этот материал, спасибо тебе любознательный Американец.

    Александр ЯкимовскийАлександр Якимовский3 dager siden
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    Cecilio carlos Ojeda ruizCecilio carlos Ojeda ruiz4 dager siden
  • The American F22 uses titanium for its frame. The USA even made and used a massive press to make the titanium frame parts

    Andrew LambertAndrew Lambert8 dager siden
  • There’s an sr-71 hanging in the flight museum by my house i think i’m gonna pay it a visit

    Miles GuillotMiles Guillot10 dager siden
  • Okay. But which metal is used to cut titanium?..

    Soham KhadkeSoham Khadke10 dager siden
  • The spurious carrot exceptionally trip because band topologically own before a unsuitable yellow. best, somber black

    Olivia EaleyOlivia Ealey11 dager siden
  • 4:14 *i use the soviets to destoy the soviets*

    blue circle manblue circle man11 dager siden
  • There's an untold story: the use (or non-use) of titanium in WW2. In 1941 Leonard Bessemer Pfeil in the UK developed Nimonic, a Ni-Cr-Co-Al-Ti alloy with about 2-3% Ti content. Pfeil's invention was made for the high-temperature rotors in the early Whittle turbojets and thanks to it, British jets had a far longer life than the German ones. Well done Leonard!

    MrPwmilesMrPwmiles12 dager siden
  • Titanium has become associated with strength,....which is not quite correct. Compared to aluminum, yes. But steel is stronger. Where titanium exceeds is #1.... Resistance to corrosion. It' used often where acid and other corrosives are used, and #2...It's lighter than steel. In the case of the X-15 even titanium was not enough. They had to use steel, with super-alloy Inconel (nickle-chromium) used for glowing-red-hot wing and fin leading edges and the nose where steel would get too soft and weak from the heat.

    DoggeslifeDoggeslife12 dager siden
  • I have actually touched an SR71 at Duxford museum and met one of the pilots who did a talk about the aircraft. All I can say is it’s unlike any aircraft I’ve ever seen. Truly like something out of science fiction.

    Johnny Diamonds MusicJohnny Diamonds Music14 dager siden
  • Burbank CA! 818 FTW 👍🏼

    Jason ScottJason Scott16 dager siden
  • USSR: wait, thats illegal........

    Tenxor EngineTenxor Engine18 dager siden
  • So you are saying that US rick rolled USSR

    Tenxor EngineTenxor Engine18 dager siden
  • Super... Great job

    jesus sanchezjesus sanchez18 dager siden
  • Patterns, not trends.

    Gaurav PrakashGaurav Prakash19 dager siden
  • Got bored because of the voice. Sorry

    Collateral DamageCollateral Damage21 dag siden
  • I can't get access to source #7 ;(

    matthew75858matthew7585821 dag siden
  • Special mention to Sia.

    Fernando F. López CalderónFernando F. López Calderón22 dager siden
  • Well I knew that Ti was notoriously difficult to work with - but you have opened my eyes to an astronomical level. Kelly Johnson knew exactly what was needed to achieve the desired result, and it was up to his team to make it happen. Thanks so much for all of your research and efforts.

    Murray BallMurray Ball26 dager siden
  • :SR-71 above

    Hani AlwahibiHani Alwahibi29 dager siden
  • Here's a topic for you: Low-field vs High-field MRI in surgical applications.

    M KuviacM KuviacMåned siden
  • US: we used the Soviet Union to spy on the Soviet Union.

    mandarin125mandarin125Måned siden
  • can you please round up the main subject with a conclusion before moving on to sponsors or adverts. give us a clear break. all you're doing is causing confusion and frustration. it's just basic respect.

    TriadneTriadneMåned siden
  • Titanium is only natural to Russia

    toddie4usa1toddie4usa1Måned siden
  • Titanium is my first metal

    Aakash iitAakash iitMåned siden
  • I got an Apple credit card just because it’s titanium (and free)

    Particle_WaveParticle_WaveMåned siden
  • Titanium is a pain in the but to work with aswell. You need the right type of equipment to make things from it

    Jason JaseJason JaseMåned siden
  • As a precision engineer who works with this stuff it's mighty impressive how they were able to make this machine in the 60's

    TheBlaggertTheBlaggertMåned siden
  • As an aerospace machinist for 6 years plus 3 more years as an aerospace manufacturing engineer, titanium was always my favorite metal.

    sanjuanstevesanjuansteveMåned siden
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    Andrew ZeitlerAndrew ZeitlerMåned siden
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    Dana FoxxDana FoxxMåned siden
  • Very interesting video. in 4:51, you say that you need to separate the oxygen molecules. In fact, you need to separate the oxygen atoms. TiO2 is the molecule. 13:56 VaLadium written instead of VaNadium

    vikamichkavikamichkaMåned siden
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  • The certain scent unknowingly wipe because rifle alternately hope until a open porter. deeply, scrawny gosling

    chicago blackhawkschicago blackhawks2 måneder siden
  • 還要再讓空軍搞偵查?

    天馬行空天馬行空2 måneder siden
  • Theres a book called "Skunk Works" that covers the development of the SR-71 by Lockheed Martin. You can get the audiobook one Audible, and its def worth the listen.

    RobRob2 måneder siden
  • Make video on human body enginer

    Raja BasumataryRaja Basumatary2 måneder siden
  • Titanium dioxide is used in food

    TheTogo1500TheTogo15002 måneder siden
  • Remember that titanium Nokia phone? Make you wonder how much they spent on that and why

    Marcus MIDIMarcus MIDI2 måneder siden
  • where did you get that specific strength vs temperature chart? I can't find one that good anywhere. I want to use it to teach my materials class.

    Josh TargoJosh Targo2 måneder siden
    • It probably came from a software package called CES Selector by granta design. I think there’s an educator version for use in classrooms.

      Aaron WashburnAaron Washburn2 måneder siden
  • Galvanic corrosion has been a fun discovery, not only did the name surprise me but when I saw what is it made me think about it after blowing my mind. Really interesting and great video as always, keep up the good job and stay healthy.

    David Gonçalves ÁlvarezDavid Gonçalves Álvarez2 måneder siden
  • "I'm bulletproof, nothing to lose / fire away, fire away / ricochet, you take your aim / fire away, fire away / shoot me down, but I won't fall / I am Titanium..."

    Matthew CoxMatthew Cox2 måneder siden
  • I want a diamond place now

    Gijs HilgersomGijs Hilgersom2 måneder siden
  • I will bet that in my warehouse I have some Titanium that came from the SR 71. My friend, Andy Carter and I were building a Flying Dutchman sail boat for the 1968 Olympic Trials... We made Titanium fittings from scraps bought at Burbank Metals... near the Skunkworks where SR-71 was made... We learned how to machine, and spot weld, and form Titamium... 6AL V ...6% Aluminum, Vanadium a d Titanium...made very springy tough material. that December 22, 1964 The original Blackbird was designated the A-12 and made its first flight on April 30, 1962. The single-seat A-12 soon evolved into the larger SR-71, which added a second seat for a Reconnaissance Systems Officer and carried more fuel than the A-12. The SR-71's first flight was on December 22, 1964. I

    Bruce BadeauBruce Badeau2 måneder siden
  • Loved the in depth on the titanium. I have titanium implants in three different locations in my body so this has been interesting to learn about. Its probably not the same type (I would assume) but this video was super educational!!

    REVFORCOFFEEREVFORCOFFEE2 måneder siden
  • Titanium is NOT difficult material to machine. It's a very pleasant material to work with.

    GarryFisherProRiderGarryFisherProRider2 måneder siden
    • Everything has to be properly managed. Maybe it was tricky back then, when they worked on the SR-71 and this is why it's so easy to work with titanium nowadays.

      GarryFisherProRiderGarryFisherProRider2 måneder siden
  • I'm always amazed at the amount of money spent on military, mean while people are homeless .

    ReCycle SpinningReCycle Spinning3 måneder siden
  • Loved this video. I used titanium as a weapon on my fighting robot, and I see from this video it's a huge privilege to be able to do so!

    Joe LloydJoe Lloyd3 måneder siden
  • black bird more like white bird am i right

    BadgerousBadgerous3 måneder siden
  • A-lu-mi-num 👍

    Eline BlindEline Blind3 måneder siden
    • Only in the U.S.

      Abbey JaneAbbey Jane3 måneder siden
  • S T R E N T

    Mikkel SchnorMikkel Schnor3 måneder siden
  • Isn’t this plane that was in transformer that helped optimus prime

    You're DaN0obYou're DaN0ob3 måneder siden
  • i wish target audience was smarter, painful to listen to videos as an actual engineer

    steven1234554321steven12345543213 måneder siden
  • I am trying to find what is the hardness HRC of titanium and I don´t see online... Isn´t it strange ?

    Iliyan IvanovIliyan Ivanov3 måneder siden
    • Depending on the alloy and heat treat it would be somewhere between too soft to register on the C scale up to around 40 HRC.

      Aaron WashburnAaron Washburn2 måneder siden
  • Ah Call of Duty Black Ops... I do remember when I get 11 killstreak to call SR71. *"SR71 is online"*

    Captain ExtremeCaptain Extreme3 måneder siden
  • what I got out of this video is that I could buy a metric ton of aluminum for just 1.5k

    EvMundEvMund3 måneder siden
  • Damnit. I'm starting to think I should've gone into material science. 😕

    Josh beyerJosh beyer3 måneder siden
  • TLDR titanium the the “fuck you” of metals

    Grand Admiral ThrawnGrand Admiral Thrawn3 måneder siden
  • The hard-to-find geese neurochemically miss because prose intraperitonally knit among a spicy base. smart, spicy morocco

    Vi TrongVi Trong3 måneder siden
  • This is obviously s@#t....what masks radar and stretchers led

    Mark Te PouMark Te Pou3 måneder siden
  • The impartial brown energetically command because offence architecturally stuff opposite a tense breakfast. hideous high, puzzling fountain

    Bunce RobertBunce Robert3 måneder siden
  • Yall forgot about carbotanium alloy (that is pagani huayra chasis are made of)

    Josias MangussiJosias Mangussi3 måneder siden
  • Malhamdulillah.

    Ravi MRavi M3 måneder siden
  • How can cut raw material "go to waste". Couldn't you just remelt the cut pieces? Seems like you'd find a way to recycle the cut out parts.

    Robert BurkeRobert Burke3 måneder siden
  • I don't quite understand the forging part. Do you mean to get the Titanium into it's final form? I see people on YT forging Titanium all the time. Can someone explain the difference between what was going on back then be it state of Titanium, step in the process, etc, vs now?

    Robert BurkeRobert Burke3 måneder siden
    • Hand forging knives and trinkets is a lot different than safety critical industrial components. Sure, you can heat up and hammer a piece of titanium into a rough shape by hand. But many aerospace components are going to require tight dimensional tolerances, grain structure requirements, and NDE requirements that almost nobody’s hand shaped parts would pass.

      Aaron WashburnAaron Washburn2 måneder siden
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    Lol ZZZLol ZZZ3 måneder siden
  • LIKE AND MUCH THANKS for using metric system!!!

    KKK77 VVV77KKK77 VVV773 måneder siden
  • if you ever want a chemist to proof your script or animations (you write "valadium" instead of "vanadium" at one point, refer to oxygen molecules instead of atoms, and show individual oxygen atoms, rather than diatomic oxygen, causing oxidation. you also indicate that MgCl2 is distilled out from the final titanium, but titanium would be the distillate and MgCl2 the residue), let me know!

    Michael RoyMichael Roy3 måneder siden
  • This is a fantastic un-biased breakdown of the development and use of titanium in aerospace. Thank you for making this!

    Sam JohnsonSam Johnson3 måneder siden
  • VALADIUM!?

    John GietzenJohn Gietzen3 måneder siden
    • JK, love the show.

      John GietzenJohn Gietzen3 måneder siden
  • *Aluminum

    Jeff SchweitzerJeff Schweitzer3 måneder siden
  • Have you seen titomic's 3d printer. 9*3*1.5 metres . Prints titanium @ >45kg an hour.

    Matthew KennedyMatthew Kennedy3 måneder siden
  • Okay, this is totally off the point . . . but why do people paint tree trunks white?

    Robot HunterRobot Hunter3 måneder siden
  • That 'valadium' must be good shit

    John DoeJohn Doe3 måneder siden
  • 1:06 poilet? Poorsch?

    Carlos EstevamCarlos Estevam3 måneder siden
  • The quizzical moon additionly melt because draw philly reflect absent a married word. empty, dependent hardware

    Fannie WhiteFannie White3 måneder siden
  • B.S. The defunct Canadian Avro Arrow was the first to use titanium in it's structure and engines, but not as extensive as the SR-71

    Brad JohnsonBrad Johnson3 måneder siden
  • Come back titanium, come back.

    SaltMerchantSaltMerchant3 måneder siden
  • They dude whic trials going totality on sadaiem but im sure the would have no gasting not breathing

    joseph smithjoseph smith3 måneder siden
  • Funny enough we got most of the titanium from russia whom we use the plane to spy on

    joseph smithjoseph smith3 måneder siden
  • Am I the only one who took so long understand the word "carbon"?

    ZiplepingouinZiplepingouin3 måneder siden
  • You got give credit to the German Engineers who made all this possible for the gung-ho Cowboys of the Wild West.

    Mohammed AbidMohammed Abid3 måneder siden
  • excellent informative and interesting commentary.

    Tony ElkinTony Elkin3 måneder siden
  • youre not that good to be paid for this

    Bo HuggabeeBo Huggabee3 måneder siden
  • Next: Adamantium.

    magnvssmagnvss3 måneder siden
  • Gosh people can be smart. Some of them.

    sarcasmo57sarcasmo573 måneder siden
  • "Valadium" ??? (on screen at 13:58) There is NO SUCH WORD in the English language.

    platonicsolidplatonicsolid3 måneder siden
  • I legit want to see NileRed do a small scale version of the Kroll Process starting with white house paint or something. Seems like something he'd do.

    Centrist Glass CannonCentrist Glass Cannon3 måneder siden
  • Why didn't us Americans just buy the titanium ore from Australia??? Wouldn't we rather give the money to a country that we are friendly with than the soviets??? that's like buying a used car from your friend who really needs the money or buying a used car from your enemy that might take your money and use it to destroy the car you bought from him later. but I guess money talks because maybe the Soviets prices were way cheaper on the or than Australia would be. That's the only other rational explanation for that purchase

    Yeardmeh808 808Yeardmeh808 8083 måneder siden
  • 4:15 so I'm so glad he cleared this up later at around 4 minutes and 25 seconds when he said if the Soviets knew what the Americans were using this titanium for they would have not wanted to give it to us. Because I was thinking to myself how the hell does that work??? Why would the Soviets sell us a material that's highly valuable and only used for High-Tech complex and amazing pieces of machinery when we were at great odds with these people at the time and had a terrible history with the Soviets? But I guess money talks right? 🤣🤣🤣

    Yeardmeh808 808Yeardmeh808 8083 måneder siden
  • Phukk Titanium, the Voyager uses Tritanium

    HomefrontHomefront3 måneder siden
  • 1971

    SA ТSA Т4 måneder siden
  • The rabid camel untypically strengthen because professor moberly smile concerning a serious congo. addicted, gaudy myanmar

    Carl YoungCarl Young4 måneder siden
  • Therapist: 900C Steel-Nickel Alloy SR-71 isn't real, it can't hurt you Steel-Nickel Alloy SR-71: *BOOM*

    JebAlertJebAlert4 måneder siden
  • 14:29...you're on it now Skippy.

    Hill BillyHill Billy4 måneder siden
  • amasing video very good!!

    Pawel SzczyrekPawel Szczyrek4 måneder siden
  • I dont know why, but I think some of those material selection diagrams would make a good shirt.

    albinoman13btalbinoman13bt4 måneder siden
  • *GREAT DOCUMENTARY ON THE HISTORY OF FORGING -- THE HEAVY PRESSES & THEIR GLOBAL HISTORY* notown.info/two/video/ztWefmlhqpmlyc0.html

    TrumanHWTrumanHW4 måneder siden
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